欢迎您 我的订单 | 修改密码 | 退出登录
欢迎您来到行思教育! 请登录

010-62258442您的位置:行思教育 > 小托福 > 小托福阅读理解> TOEFL Junior阅读中的举例关系解读

TOEFL Junior阅读中的举例关系解读

2015-05-14行思

    TOEFL Junior阅读中的举例关系向来都是ETS系列考试阅读部分的一大出题点。TOEFL Junior阅读中的举例关系向来都是ETS系列考试阅读部分的一大出题点。TOEFL Junior考试阅读部分的举例关系其实十分简单。所谓举例关系就是指作者在文章中为了论证某一个重要观点,会用一个具体的例子来加以证明。值得一提的是TJ文章中的观点一般都是出现在例子之前,而且一般文章中出现举例关系的地方一定含有出题点。我们可以以下面这段文章为例来分析。


    Memory is important for learning language skills. Education specialists in England want to help people improve their reading abilities. They want students to remember the books and articles they read. The specialists found something to help: facial expressions. They gave ten students a happy article to read. Five of the students read the happy article while smiling. Five students read the happy article while frowning. Then they answered comprehension questions. The smiling students remembered more of the happy article than the frowning students.


    在这个段落中我们发现作者用了科学家所做的一个实验作为例子,例子中提到五个学生在阅读令人开心的文章时笑着读,还有五个皱着眉读,结果那五个笑着读的学生理解的更好。我们在阅读这一段落时就应该牢牢的把握住例子所证明的观点即例子之前的那句话:The specialists found something to help: facial expressions.在之后的题目中我们看到出现了下面的两道题,但是只要我们的同学们能够把握好这个举例关系,这两道题的答案都能轻松解答。


Why does the speaker mention the two experiments made by the specialists?

(A) To prove that memory is important for learning for learning language skills.

(B) To suggest that memory is closely related to facial expressions.

(C) To illustrate that smiling students have better memory than frowning students.

(D) To show that the specialists have already found the reason why facial expressions help memory.


    这道题其实就在考察例子所证明的是什么观点,我们刚才已经提到,就在例子的前面一句话。


According to the passage, if you are reading a happy article, what kind of facial expression should you have?

(A) Smiling face

(B) Frowning face

(C) Angry face

(D) No facial expression


    这道题考察的其实还是是同学们是否理解这个例子所证明的观点,所以只要我们把握住作者的观点,我们就能轻松选出答案A。


    从上面这个例子来看,我们能够略微地对于举例关系对于全文的理解和解题的重要性有所感受。希望我们的同学们在之后做题以及阅读文章时更加注重对于举例关系的把握。


通过对阅读理解中举例关系的把握和熟识,相信同学们在做题时一定会事半功倍。

Copyright 2015 www.xingsi.org All Rights Resserved 北京行思教育科技有限公司 版权所有

咨询电话:010-62258442  邮箱:service@xingsi.org

  北京市海淀区海淀中街16号中关村公馆E座506

关于我们 -工作机会 -企业培训产品 13810310016 -合作电话:13810310016

京ICP备12025236-3